|1.||Cov lug Moob kuv has.|
|2.||Cov tsoog tsho Moob kuv naav.|
|3.||Cov kaab lig kev cai Moob puj ua tseg yawm ua ca kuv coj.|
|THE MIAO NATIONALITY
The Miao people believe that everything in nature has a spirit, which incombination are mighty enough to control their lives. They worship their ancestors so much that memorial ceremonies are very grand. Sacrifices such as wine, meat, and glutinous rice are costly.
|Culture include the thoughts, language, communications, actions, customs and traditions, beliefs and values, history, and social institutions of a racial, ethnic, religious or social group. It is the totality of ways of doing things that is passed on from generation to generation. In this passing down and every day practice, some features will be lost due to their selective use, and new ones replace them. Culture is thus never static, but a dynamic part of society.
For the Hmong, culture can be represented through the following:
* Tangible components: national musical instruments (the reed pipe or “qeej”, the Hmong flute and mouth harp), traditional costumes and ornaments, tools (the carrying basket “kawm”, Hmong hatchet and ax), house designs, preferred physical environment, arts, rituals (wedding, funeral) and written literature.
* Intangible components: language, religion, shamanism, traditional music and singing, social values, norms, history, myths, folk tales, oral texts and ritual chants such as the “Showing the Way” and the “txiv xaiv” funeral songs, and zaj tshoob wedding songs.
These visible and invisible elements can be regarded as forming the traditional Hmong culture that is found among villagers who live in the highlands of China and Southeast Asia. Much of this culture has changed for the Hmong who have settled in the West as a result of modern education, exposure to other cultures and assimilation to them, or the adoption of cultural features from other people.
Source: Gary Yia Lee, Ph.D. Hmong social anthropology & community development.
Read more: http://www.garyyialee.com/
Hmong Culture Center of Minnesota.
Hmong/Lao Family Community of Minnesota, Inc. http://www.laofamily.org/sites/laofamily.org/files/Hmong_Culture.pdf
|Jianhe County, Guizhou Province. The date of the festival is different according to places. The ceremony is simple, unsophisticated, and distinctive and the Sister Festival in Shidong, Taijiang County on Qingshui River is the most typical one.|
|THE OLDEST VALENTINE'S DAY: THE SISTER FESTIVAL OF MIAO MINORITY GROUP.
The Sister Festival, or the Sister Rice Festival, held annually by girls on the 15th day of the third lunar month, is one of the most active festivals of the Miao people in Taijiang, Shibing and